Glass / Quartz / Sapphire

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We offer Glass Wafers  and Quartz Wafers of the UV, optical and semiconductor grade. Its basic applications are:

  • laser optics
  • sensors
  • high frequency circuits
  • optical windows and lenses

Quartz crystals

Quartz crystals are formed thanks to hydrothermal synthesis. Production takes place in a thick pressure vessel in thermal jacket and heating coils. The first step is to add crushed feeding quartz and filling the vessel with NaOH solution.

The quartz seed crystals are suspended from the top. The NaOH solution is heated to a temperature of over 300 °C  and pressure >1000 bars. Quartz crystals can reach large sizes and weight up to several kilograms, then they are cut („X-Cut“, „Y-Cut“, „AT-Cut“, and „ST-Cut“) and polished.

Quarts specifications

Thickness range0.5 mm, 1.0 mm , other thicknesses down to 0.1 mm on request
Thickness tolerance+/-5%
OrientationX-Cut, Y-Cut, AT-Cut, ST-Cut
Surface finishingdouble/single sided polishing
Diameter ranging2”,3”,4”,6”,8”
GradeUV, optical, semiconductor
Resistivity7x 10 7 Ohm-cm
RoughnessRa < 0.5 nm
Rq < 1.0 nm
Rt < 2.0 nm
Refractive index1.458

Glass Wafers

WaferExport provide a selection of specialty glass wafers that can be custom fabricated to reach your specific application requirements.

  • Corning ®Gorilla® Glass – this is an aluminum-silicon glass, is more mechanically and chemically resistant than other glass substrates.
  • Borofloat® – has a good mechanical strength, thermal and chemical resistance, has a high degree of transparency.
  • Borosilicate – the fundamental components of borosilicate glass are silica and boron oxide which provide a very low coefficient of thermal expansion, resulting in the glass being more resistant to thermal shocks than other standard glass substrates.
  • Soda ­– lime –  also known as soda-lime-silica glass, can be chemically strengthened in order to increase its mechanical strength or it can heat strengthened/tempered to increase thermal shock, resistance and mechanical strength. It is one of the most common types of glass in the world.
  • Eagle XG® – good chemical resistance, smooth surface and low density are the main parameters characterizing this type of glass.

Sapphire Wafers

PhotonExport provides high quality wafers made of monocrystalline Sapphire. Crystals can be obtained by several techniques, among others Czochralski method, Kyropolos, Heat Exchanger (HEM) and Verneuil method.  Its specific properties such as:

  • Anti-corrosion properties
  • Stable dielectric constant
  • Good light transmission
  • High working temperature
  • Uniform crystal lattice

Sapphire specifications

Thickness range0.5 mm, 1.0 mm
Thickness tolerance+/-5%
OrientationC-axis, M-axis, A-axis, R-axis
Surface finishingdouble/single sided polishing
Diameter ranging1″,2”,3”,4”,6”
Crystal GrowthKyropolos, HEM, Verneuil, CZ
RoughnessRa < 0.5 nm
Refractive index1.768

Small quantities or individually packed wafers are available.

Should you need any further information or you are interested in other product parameters, please do not hesitate to contact us: or TOLL FREE in Spain+34 622 375 955 Portugal (+351) 800 180 183 or France +33 805 080 082.

Read about more products we offer: Silicon Wafer, Indium Phosphide , Thermal Oxide, SOI/SIlicon On Insulator, Silicon Nitride.

Request a quote to get more information on sapphire wafer!

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Explore the Frontier of Technological Progress with Our Premium Silicon Wafers and Advanced Materials

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